There are three main types of Acromegaly treatment options available: surgery, medication, and radiation. Learn more about the various treatment options available for controlling the symptoms of Acromegaly, how, and why they are used.
Individual Acromegaly treatment plans are determined by your doctor based on:
- overall health
- medical history
- extent of the progression of signs and symptoms
- tolerance for certain therapies, procedures, or medications
- personal preference
Treatment of Acromegaly depends on the cause of the disease. More than 95 percent of Acromegaly cases are caused by benign tumors on the pituitary gland. Because the tumor is compressing the pituitary gland, the hormone production of growth hormone (GH) as well as other hormones can be affected. In rare cases, Acromegaly is caused by tumors outside of the brain in places such as: the pancreas, lungs, and adrenal glands.
The goal of treatment is to restore the normal function of the pituitary gland function resulting in normal levels of GH. Treatment may include removal of the tumor, radiation therapy, and injection of growth hormone blocking drugs. Left untreated, Acromegaly can lead to other complications including worsening diabetes mellitus and hypertension. The condition also increases a patient’s risk for cardiovascular disease and colon polyps that could lead to cancer.